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Smith Speedometers

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Most of the WD Nortons were provided with speedometers made by Smith, with a maximum reading of 80 MPH. (numbers given on the number plate are: S.433M or S.433B/EX or S.434B/EX).
These speedometers work on a chronometric principle were speed is measured in small increments instead of continuous movement. The intermittent movement of the needle therefore does not indicate a problem, its just how the instrument works. Speedometers used by the military were not provided with trip counters or internal lighting provisions. Those gadgets were reserved for the civvy market. Norton Assembly book entries specifically states  "80 MPH Speedo, without trip". 

Two types of speedometer to cable connections can be found, the early one with a round protruding shaft (referred to as Jeager drive) and a later one with an internal square connection. It is not clear yet as of when the early Jeager types were changed to the later types. Pictures of bikes from contract V7353 still show the thick cables, which date them at least upto end of 1940, and possibly even later than that.

The speedometers are actuated through a flexible drive. These also come in two variations, each fitting to the specific connection on the speedometer. The  Jeager drive cables consisted of an approximately 3 mm diameter inner flex which ran through a rubber covered steel outer flex with a .. mm 11 inner diameter. The illustrated parts list picture shows the Jeager type (large diameter) cable/connection.
The later cables are basically modern cables as still used today.
The bottom part of both cable types consists of a spade like protrusion which is fitted in the gearbox and secured with a nut. The top part of the cable is either a tube, fitted over the Jeager drive or a square deformed end of the inner cable which slides up into the speedometer connection and screwed tight.   
The length of both early and later type cables is identical, 25 inch. It appears that the later speedo bracket offset upwards was intended to keep the cable length standard for all MC's.

The front wheel is provided with a gear ring (43 teeths) screwed onto the hub of the front brake drum.  A gearbox is fitted to the front brake plate provided with a pinion (14 teeths) meshing with the gear ring. Speedo gearboxes can be found with different gear ratios and different rotation direction. The output drive has to be clockwise when looking from above into the slot. (Rotate pinion anti-clock). Three (3) turns on the pinion gives two (2) turns of the inner cable. Smith indicates this as 8 : 12 gear ration in their folders.
There are two different lengths of mounting screw thread described as "long reach" and "short reach". Norton requires the long reach version (approx 30mm).


Early motorcycles had a centrally mounted Speedometer. The earliest contract (based on pictures) showing a left hand mounted speedometer was C6127  of which the first bikes were delivered in May 1940. The spare parts list for this contract however still refers to the centrally mounted part number 3884.
The spare parts list of V7353 shows the left hand sided mounting (spare part no. 4114) superseding the centrally mounted version.  This more or less indicates that at least all bikes with frame numbers above W26000 were provided with the left hand mounted speedometers. Early type of holders were all of constant width on the horizontal mounting. This was later modified with a wider section at the left hand grease nipple/mounting bolt.

Despite its apparent water tight appearance, these instruments do collect water inside. Drying out can help prevent damage to the internals. As can be seen in the picture, my milage drum has suffered from corrosion, and I did once repair a malfunction by cleaning and drying out the inside.
This did unfortunately require me to remove the original anti-tamper rivet in order to be able to screw off the bezel. 


The "Motor Cycle" magazine of April 1992  shows how to execute a revision/clean up of this type of speedometer.

 

 
80 MPH Non-Trip
Smith chronometric


Speedometer front wheel hub gear box


Speedometer, early model  "Jeager" type connection inner cable sliding over protrusion and outer cable sliding over the housing and clamped tight with a strap


Speedometer later model with internal square and screw on outer cable


Anti-tamper rivet

 


Speedo drum gear ring, 43 teeths


Speedo pinion, 14 teeths

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